The Ultimate Guide on OSHA Welding Requirements

With more than 80 different types of welding processes used across industries in the US and each carrying its own risks and potential hazards, it’s easy to see how sticking to all the OSHA welding requirements can be difficult for business owners. 

But, putting in the time and effort to ensure OSHA compliance with safety precautions can save you a significant amount of money in the long run, should an inspector come around.

Here’s a brief guide on OSHA welding requirements.

OSHA welding

What Are the Main Types of Occupational Safety To Be Observed With Welding?

Hazards created by welding, cutting and brazing operations can be split into three categories:

1. Fumes and Gases

Welding operations performed in confined or enclosed spaces can lead to suffocation because of gases being emitted, such as helium, argon, and carbon dioxide. Carbon monoxide can form as a byproduct, which can be a serious asphyxiation hazard.

Different factors can affect a worker’s exposure to welding fumes, such as:


To reduce workers’ exposure to dangerous welding fumes, OSHA welding safety requirements include training around:

2. Radiant Energy

Radiant energy or light radiation is emitted from an arc or flame and can injure a worker’s eyes, face, and other parts of their body.

Specific personal protective equipment (PPE) is required:

The eye-protection equipment must include filter lenses with a specific shade number to indicate the intensity of light radiation that can safely pass through the lens. Eyewear with filter lenses being worn under a welding helmet provides enough protection that the shade number of the helmet may be reduced. 

Take note that eye and facial protective shields should provide side protection too as fragments can fly in any direction.

3. Fire

There are numerous precautions that should be put into place for fire prevention according to OSHA standards:

Most of these should be established, implemented and enforced by the supervisor.

OSHA welding

4. What Personal Protective Equipment Is Required?

As the employer, it’s your responsibility to ensure that workers have the correct PPE. Additionally, according to OSHA standards, they need to be trained on what its uses are, why it should be used, as well as when.

Take note that helpers or watchers also require appropriate protective clothing and proper eye protection. 

PPE includes:

For occupational safety, PPE should be:

Who Requires Welding, Cutting and Brazing Training?

Because of the extensive amount of hazards created by welding, cutting and brazing operations, in-depth training is required to be compliant and meet OSHA standards.

This guide only touches the tip of the iceberg as the complexity of the OSHA regulations shouldn’t be underestimated. 

Complete and appropriate training should be provided to each of these groups respectively:

  1. the employer;
  2. supervisors; and
  3. workers.

1. The Employer

2. Supervisors

3. Workers

How Can Insure Compliance Help?

At Insure Compliance, we apply our unique Safety Gap Model to help companies achieve compliance with OSHA standards, including welding requirements.

At Insure Compliance, we apply our unique Safety Gap Model to help companies achieve compliance with OSHA standards, including welding requirements.

Then, we offer particular training courses to help you reach your OSHA welding safety requirements, such as:

Key Takeaways

There are three types of hazards associated with welding, cutting, and brazing operations, including fumes and gases, radiant energy, and fire.

By training the employer, the supervisors and the workers on the hazards involved in welding, how to maximize occupational safety, and what PPE to use when, you can reduce the risk of fines and penalties if you receive a visit from an OSHA inspector. 

Begin your journey to compliance today by scheduling one of our Safety Audits, and we can identify where your Safety Gaps are and provide the appropriate training to bridge them. 


Please note that every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided in this guide is accurate. You should note, however, that the information is intended as a guide only, providing an overview of general information available to businesses. This guide is not intended to be an exhaustive source of information and should not be seen to constitute legal, safety or business advice. You should, where necessary, seek your own advice for any issues raised in your affairs.

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